A garden pond is one of the best things you can create to encourage all sorts of animals into the garden. It will act as both habitat and water source to a variety of wildlife such as dragonflies, frogs and all sorts of birds. This guide will equip you with the knowledge to make a wildlife-friendly pond in your garden with minimal materials.
Be sure to share how you go on with building your own pond over on the Primrose Instagram.
Tools & Materials:
- Pond liner
- String and pegs or stakes
- Sharp knife
- A long plank of wood
- Spirit level
- Garden spade
- Bags of sand
- Some large rocks
Locate Your Pond
- Identify the best spot for your pond. The ideal would be a spot that gets plenty of sun during the day and a little shade in the evening. If you can, avoid any overhanging trees as falling leaves can pollute the pond water.
- Mark out the edge of your pond with the string and pegs. Play around with different shapes and sizes until you’re happy.
Dig Your Pond
- Start digging. If you dig from the middle and work out you can adjust the shape as it develops. Things can look very different in perspective once a piece of lawn suddenly become a large hole. You don’t have to dig very deep; a shallow pond will still be very beneficial for wildlife.
- Pile soil to one side of your pond to create a gradual slope. This will allow wildlife to access the water easily and get out of the water should anything accidentally fall in.
- Once you’re happy with the size and shape, rest your plank of wood across the pond and use your spirit level to check both sides are even. Repeat several times at different angles. This step is very important. Having a pond that is higher on a certain edge could lead to water flooding out of the pond in heavy rain. Spend time making sure this part is as perfect as you can get it.
- Remove any sharp objects or stones from the bottom of the hole to avoid ripping the lining before covering the bottom of your pond with sand. A small layer of a few cm’s will do to offer a layer of protection for the liner.
- Dig a small trench around the edge of the pond for the excess liner to be tucked into. This will help give everything a clean finish.
Line Your Pond
- Place the liner into the hole ensuring it covers the entire surface. Take time to remove as many creases as you possible can pushing the liner into the surface of the soil so it fits the shape of the hole as close as possible.
- Tuck the edge of the liner into your trench and weigh it down with rocks, removing any excess liner with a sharp knife.
- Use any remaining sand to create a small layer of sand in the base of your pond.
Fill Your Pond
- Fill your pond with water! Try to use collected rainwater if possible as this will be packed full of nutrients that are perfect for kickstarting wildlife. To stop the water from disturbing the sand you can empty it onto a surface like a plastic bag so that the force is spread out a little more.
- Once filled you can add your choice of aquatic plants; wildlife will soon flock to your new pond!
Scott Roberts is a copywriter currently making content for the Primrose site and blog. When at his desk he’s thinking of new ways to describe a garden bench. Away from his desk he’s either looking at photos of dogs or worrying about the environment. He does nothing else, just those two things.